Generation No. 1
1. JAMES1 DUCK1,2 was born Bet. 1766 - 1768 in Radford, Nottingham, England3,4, and died 30 July 1824 in Radford, St. Peter, Nottingham, England5. He married MARY BARSBY6 Bet. 20 - 28 November 1791 in St. Marys Church, Nottingham, daughter of RICHARD BARSBY and ELIZABETH RAYNER. She was born 8 May 1770, and died 13 May 1845 in Radford, England.
More About JAMES DUCK:
Record Change: 18 January 20036
More About MARY BARSBY:
Baptism: St Nicholas Church, Nottingham, England
Record Change: 18 January 20036
Marriage Notes for JAMES DUCK and MARY BARSBY:
The church that Mary and James were married is an historic church in the lacemaking section of the city of Nottingham.
Radford is now a suburb of Nottingham.[Duck_Litchfield.ged]
Marriage IGI M044871 James Duck + Mary Barsby Saint Mary, Nottingham, England 28 Nov 1791
Child of JAMES DUCK and MARY BARSBY is:
2. i. THOMAS2 DUCK, b. 8 April 1810, Nottinghamshire, England; d. 22 May 1894, Bulahdelah, NSW, Australia.
Generation No. 2
2. THOMAS2 DUCK (JAMES1)7,8,9 was born 8 April 1810 in Nottinghamshire, England, and died 22 May 1894 in Bulahdelah, NSW, Australia10. He married ELIZABETH LITCHFIELD10,11 11 June 1832 in Radford, Nottinghamshire, England, daughter of JOHN LITCHFIELD and SARAH MOWBRAY. She was born Abt. 1814 in Radford, Nottinghamshire, England, and died 24 September 1887 in Gladesville, NSW, Australia12.
Notes for THOMAS DUCK:
Death Registration Stroud District NSW #12860/1894 Thomas Duck (parents UNKNOWN + UNKNOWN)
More About THOMAS DUCK:
Baptism: 8 April 1810, Radford, Nottinghamshire, England
Burial: Bulahdelah, NSW, Australia
Christening: 8 April 1810, Radford, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England13
Immigration: 6 October 1848, To Australia on Ship "Agincourt"14
Occupation: 1849, Farm Servant
Record Change: 19 January 200315
Notes for ELIZABETH LITCHFIELD:
Christening IGI C046641 Elizabeth Litchfield (parents John Litchfield + Sarah)
Death Registration Ryde District NSW #7955/1887 Elizabeth Duck Age 73 years Died Gladesvil le
More About ELIZABETH LITCHFIELD:
Baptism: 10 April 1814, Radford, Nottinghamshire, England
Burial: Hospital Cemetery, Gladesville
Christening: 10 April 1814, Radford, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England15
Record Change: 19 January 200315
Marriage Notes for THOMAS DUCK and ELIZABETH LITCHFIELD:
From the Duck Family Research book (mostly reliable).
This is the story of how the Duck Family and other Lacemakers came to Australia in 1848.
They were lacemakers who originated in Nottingham, England. In the early part of the 1800s the lace was made by hand, a slow process. Then with the invention of lacemaking machines, a thriving industry began in Nottingham. Hand making lace areas began to feel the effect of this form of progress, and cottage industries began to suffer.
Northern France, across the English Channel, was one of these areas. If they wanted to survive, they needed their own lace making machines.
Pieces of machines were smuggled from England to France in all sorts of ways. On arrival, they needed experts to re-assemble them. Then workers were needed to teach the French how to operate the machines.
We do not know whether out ancestors moved to France as hand-makers after being put out of work with the introduction of machines, or whether they were coaxed across the channel as machine operators with the promise of high wages.
Never-the-less, hundreds of families left England for France. We see from the birth dates of the children that the move to Calais took place in about 1838. Calais is a port in the North West of France, directly opposite and twenty one miles distant from Dover, England. Today it is the terminal for the cross-channel ferry.
They stayed in France for ten years, then in 1848 a series of Revolutions throughout Europe forced factories to close, putting thousands of people out of work.
The King of France, Louise Philippe, abdicated and fled to England for refuge. Because of this the French became hostile towards British workers in their country.
Our lacemakers looked to home for support and work but England was having problems of her own and simply could not support hundreds of families arriving en masse to add to their already overcrowded workhouses.
A series of meetings were held amongst British workers in France and it was decided that the best solution was to emigrate to one of the British Colonies, preferably South Australia. In answer, the British Government pointed out that the only immigrants needed in the Colonies were agricultural labourers, shepherds and female domestic servants. Lacemakers and weavers would find it hard to find suitable work in the colony and would be of little value. If, however, the workers were able to adapt themselves to the needs of the colony, or were used to doing outdoor or agricultural work, their acceptance as immigrants would be justified.
They were eventually accepted as Government Assisted Immigrants and they sailed in three ships.
The 'FAIRLIE' departed from Plymouth with 296 passengers on 30th April 1848, arriving at Port Jackson on 7th August 1848.
The 'HARPLEY' departed from London with 254 passengers on 12th May 1848, and arrived at Adelaide on 2nd September 1848.
The 'AGINCOURT' sailed from Gravesend with 263 passengers on 16th June 1848, and landed at Port Jackson on 6th October 1848.
We are mainly in the 'Agincourt' passengers. From Port Jackson out ancestors travelled by the Steamer 'Maitland' to Morpeth in the Hunter Valley. From newspaper reports of the time (The Maitland Mercury, 14/10/1848) we learn that there were 106 immigrants, almost half of them children, in the first batch. On the three mile journey from Morpeth to East Maitland, they were caught in a heavy thunder storm and were completely drenched. As they passed the Trades Arm Inn, their wet appearance caught the attention on some local gentlemen standing on the verandah and a collection was immediately taken up and a supply of ale, cheese and bread was taken to the immigrants immediately after their arrival at the barracks.
On the ship's documents, Thomas was aged 38years and Elizabeth was 34 years old. They were listed as 'Lacemakers', Elizabeth being a Tambour worker, and they could read and write. Their oldest son, George, was 15 years old and was a machine smith and he could read and write. Their second child, Samuel, was 11 years and also a machine smith but could not read or write. Their other children were Walter aged 9 years, Thomas aged 7 years, Mary Ann aged 5 years, Charles aged 3 years and Henry aged 1 year. None could read or write. Their religion was Wesleyan.
A few days later, 22 more of the Agincourt immigrants arrived at Morpeth.
A variety of jobs were found for the lacemakers. Married couples were employed as general servants with wages ranging from £26 (about $52) per year, to £40 ($80) per year.
Young men and women aged 14 to 16 years were generally engaged as house servants and house maids, and a girl of 13 years employed as a nursemaid. The wages ranged from 3 shillings per week (30 cents) to 5 shillings and 8 shillings per week (50c - 80c).
Boys were taken on as apprentices to various trades. Some of the younger ones were employed as house servants and given clothing, board and lodging and washing done, but no wages.
Some families were lucky enough to be all employed at the one place - the parents as general servants and children as house servants.
other families left the barracks to open shops or start up something of their own, while some left with no employment at all, presumably to search for work in other areas.
From these reports we gain some knowledge of the hardships our ancestors came through.
Families and friendships would have been broken up as each one went their different way in to this new country.
Thomas Duck, moved to Gresford, most probably as an agricultural labourer, but was established as a farmer at a place called Mallinson, Gresford, Patterson River, by 1852. In was in this area that the last four children were born.
After settling on the Allyn River, Thomas and Elizabeth had further children and they were Edward, Reuben and Emma. It appears that Thomas became an established farmer and lived for many years at Mallison in the Gresford are. He was living in his retirement years at Myall River and died at Bulahdelah in his 85th year on 22 May 1894. One son and one daughter predeceased him. They were James who was accidently drowned in a water canal in Calais, France, and Mary Ann (Gilbert) who died at the aged of 38 years at Myall River.
Elizabeth was not as fortunate as Thomas and due to ill heath she was confined to hospital at Gladesville* for some years and died there aged 73 years on 24 September 1887.
The younger children of this family would most likely have learnt to speak fluent French, as no doubt the older ones would have, as it would have been the only language the children would have known outside their own home.
Thomas and Elizabeth would surely have been talented tradesmen. How sad it is, that somewhere in this family. we have not yet found any pieces of lace that these ancestors of ours would have lovingly made.
* note from the contributor - Gladesville hospital were for people who were considered mentally unstable.[Duck_Litchfield.ged]
Marriage IGI M046641 Thomas Duck + Elizabeth Litchfield 11 Jun 1832 Radford Nottingham, Engla nd
Children of THOMAS DUCK and ELIZABETH LITCHFIELD are:
3. i. GEORGE3 DUCK, b. 1833, Radford, Nottinghamshire, England; d. 7 March 1915, Waverley, NSW, Australia.
ii. JAMES DUCK16, b. 1835; d. Bef. 1848, Calais, France.
Notes for JAMES DUCK:
James Duck was born at Radford, Nottinghamshire and baptised on 8/3/1835. Some time after the family moved to Calais, France James was accidently drowned in a canal that ran through the city. He was living with his family in Calais at the time of his death.
More About JAMES DUCK:
Cause of Death: accidental drowning
4. iii. SAMUEL DUCK, b. 18 June 1837, Radford, Nottinghamshire, England; d. 16 December 1909, Gladesville, NSW, Australia.
5. iv. WALTER DUCK, b. 1839, Calais, France; d. Bet. 26 - 28 May 1913, Casino, NSW, Australia.
6. v. THOMAS DUCK, b. 16 July 1841, Calais, France; d. 26 August 1904.
7. vi. MARY ANN DUCK, b. 6 July 1843, Calais, France; d. 26 November 1881, Bulahdelah, NSW, Australia.
8. vii. CHARLES DUCK, b. 10 August 1845, Calais, France; d. 18 October 1928, Herons Creek, NSW, Australia.
9. viii. HENRY DUCK, b. 16 July 1847, Calais, France; d. 21 September 1914, Black Creek, Camden, NSW, Australia.
10. ix. EDWARD DUCK, b. 6 August 1849, Vacy, NSW, Australia; d. 23 September 1914, Glen Innes Hospital.
11. x. FRANCIS DUCK, b. 5 January 1852, Mallinson, Gresford, NSW, Australia; d. 26 June 1929, Kempsey, NSW, Australia.
xi. REUBEN DUCK16,17, b. 3 April 1854, Gresford, NSW, Australia; d. 1 October 1911, Gladesville Hospital, NSW, Australia.
Notes for REUBEN DUCK:
Regretfully, there is not much known about his life. Members of the family remember him to be a tall Man - about 5' 9 1/2" with a chestnut beard and hair and a florid appearance. He was considered a handsome man who always appeared to be happy.
It is know that he was still alive and living in the Gladesville area in 1899.
He never married. It is not known when or where he died. It is rumoured that he died of Typhoid Fever while living on the Tweed River. He would often visit his brother up north.[Duck_Litchfield.ged]
Birth Registration NSW #V18541106 40/1854 Reuben Duck (parents Thomas + Elizabeth)
Death Registration Ryde District NSW #16298/1911 Reuben Duck (parents Thomas + Elizabeth)
More About REUBEN DUCK:
Baptism: 23 July 1854, Gresford, NSW, Australia18
Record Change: 18 January 200319
12. xii. EMMA DUCK, b. 12 November 1856, Mallinson, Gresford, NSW, Australia; d. 1916, Markwell, Stroud Shire, NSW, Australia.
xiii. CHARLES DUCK19, b. 1835, Radford, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England19; d. 18 October 1928, Herons Creek, Taree, New South Wales, Australia19.
Notes for CHARLES DUCK:
Christening IGI C046641 Charles Duck (parents Thomas Duck + Elizabeth) Radford, Nottingham, E ngland 8 Mar 1835
More About CHARLES DUCK:
Christening: 8 March 1835, Radford, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England19
Record Change: 5 April 200419